You are probably aware of the increasing need for sustainable and eco-friendly ways of dealing with destructive pests in our organic gardens. Pests can be the worst troublemakers and may even damage the entire garden. However, the idea of using an assortment of chemicals to stop them is not recommended, mainly because of the damages they have on the food and the environment.
Fortunately, natural and organic measures are safe and cost-effective and still do a decent job, almost the same as that of the most powerful pesticides. As an expert in dealing with the best organically, I’d advise you to determine the type of pest and whether it is plant specific. This typically helps determine the magnitude of success of the method used.
Consider these super-easy ways to deal with pests on your organic farm
· Use Floating Row Covers
You just need the usual translucent, porous polyester fabric to act as a barrier and prevent destructive insects from reaching the plants. Since the white, porous fabric lets in up to 80% of the sunlight and doesn’t allow it to get out, the covered area becomes too hot for bugs. The insects will not get to the plants during the critical stages like when they’re seedlings.
Floating row covers are perfect against cabbage moths, Colorado potato beetles, Aphids, squash bugs, Mexican bean beetles, and tomato hornworms.
· Trap them
Slugs can be a nuisance on your little organic garden. To control them, however, just have a shallow dish of beer near the garden so that they get attracted to the smell of fermented liquid. The slugs will climb in and drown. If it isn’t possible to do that, just place a board in the place they are concentrated at and once they hide in there, just overturn it and exterminate them.
Flea beetles do fall for any conspicuous material, and you may find a yellow water dish filled with water to down them. A rigid material covered with a sticky substance can also attract flying pests and arrest them.
· Use Insecticidal Soaps or Oils
Soaps are unrivaled when it comes to organically controlling soft-bodied insects, including aphids, mites, psyllids, and mealybugs. Today, the most revered Insecticidal soaps are those with potassium salt of fatty acids because they gradually kill the insect by altering its cell membranes and the protective outer waxy coating. Tropical neem tree oil acts on squash bugs and Mexican Beetles, but as for the soap, you should apply it on the plant in the morning when the sun isn’t hot.
· Beneficial predators – don’t ignore
You will need a birdbath, feeder or a nest box at your organic garden so that it attracts birds that feast on insects. You can also repeal the pests using chives or garlic or tomatoes to repeal larvae of the diamondback cabbage moth. Nasturtiums also keep away cucumber beetles. As for the beneficial insects, try to attract moths that feast on cabbageworms using dill. When potatoes are planted with sweet alyssum or dwarf zinnias with cauliflower, wasps and ladybugs do nest on the garden to act on the pests.